William Henry Beveridge (Beveridge William Henry)( English politician and economist)
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Biography William Henry Beveridge (Beveridge William Henry)
(1879-1963) by his name called the Beveridge Plan for social security. Born March 5, 1879 in Rangpur, India (now Bangladesh), education in England. In the initial period of study at Balliol College at Oxford University, studied astronomy, and then engaged in jurisprudence. In 1902-1909, when Beveridge was a Research Fellow Department of Civil Law University College, Oxford University, he became interested in economics and sociology. IN 1905-1908 Beveridge - a member of the Common Council of unemployment, chairman of the Committee on Employment of the unemployed. In 1906-1908 worked with the 'Morning Post', then joined the Ministry of Commerce, and in 1909 was appointed director of labor exchanges and introduced in the reign of the Department of Employment. In 1916, during World War II, served as Second Secretary in the Ministry of Food, and three years later was appointed Permanent Secretary in the Ministry. In 1919 was elevated to the dignity of knighthood. In 1919-1937 - Director of the London School of Economics and Political Science. In 1934-1944 - Chairman of the Standing Committee on Insurance against Unemployment. In 1941 - Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Labor. Since 1937 - Member of the British Academy. In 1940-1944 - President of the Royal Economic Society.
In June 1941 Beveridge was appointed chairman of the committee on social insurance and related services. December 1, 1942 was presented to Parliament a report, . which contained a plan to achieve 'full employment', . implies a series of measures to combat unemployment, . including the organization of public works, . full control over foreign trade, . mandatory state insurance, . and the creation of the Ministry of Social Services,
. Total Beveridge plan was adopted with enthusiasm. In 1946 the Labor government embodied in the normative acts of many of the recommendations of the Plan. In October 1944, Beveridge was elected to the House of Commons, and left a teaching job at Oxford. In the same year he became one of the vice-chairmen of the Liberal Party. In 1946 he received the title of Baron. Among his works: Full Employment in a Free Society (1944); Price of Peace (1945); Why am I a Liberal (1945), Voluntary action (1948); power and influence (1953), as well as the protection of free education (1959). Beveridge died in Oxford, March 16, 1963.