Ernest Bevin (Bevin Ernest)( British trade union leader and statesman.)
Comments for Ernest Bevin (Bevin Ernest)
Biography Ernest Bevin (Bevin Ernest)
Born March 9, 1881 in Uinsforde (Somerset). His father and mother died when the boy was not even seven years. Bevin left school at age 11, worked on the farm. In 1894 he moved to Bristol, where he worked as a truck driver. Later became a Baptist preacher. By 1914 he was one of the three leading organizers of the national trade union movement. In 1918, running for parliament from the Labor Party. In 1921 initiated the Federation of Trade Unions Transport and the establishment of a national union of unskilled workers and municipal. As General Secretary Bevin, the union did not object to ending the defeat of the general strike in 1926, although it considered it insufficiently prepared. In 1930 Bevin was a member of the McMillan Commission's national financial and banking system and in 1938 took an active part in consultations with the Government on the re -.
For several years before the Second World War Bevin opposed pacifists in the ranks of the Labor Party and in 1935 obtained the resignation of their leader in Parliament Dzh.Lansberi. Bevin was opposed to the Munich Agreement and a supporter of arms of Great Britain. Shortly after the Second World War, Bevin was elected to Parliament and became Minister of Labor in the coalition government of Winston Churchill.
After the war Bevin resigned from his post to take part in the elections 1945. He became foreign minister in the Labor government Clement R. Attlee, and together with the latter participated in the Berlin conference of the three powers. A supporter of preserving the British Empire and aggressive and tough foreign policy. In an effort to prevent Soviet expansion in Europe during the deployment of the Cold War, Bevin worked closely with the United States and supported the Marshall Plan to rebuild war-ravaged economies of Europe. He actively participated in the creation of the Western European Union (Brussels Pact of 1948) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949. His proposal to transform Palestine into a federal state of Jews and Arabs was rejected and the Jews and Arabs. Bevin died in London on April 14, 1951.