Edward Bellamy (Bellamy Edward)( American novelist and social reformer.)
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Biography Edward Bellamy (Bellamy Edward)
(1850-1898), born March 26, 1850 in Chikopi Falls (pc. Mass.). After studying in his native town he studied a year at Union College and in the age of eighteen he traveled to Europe.
In 1871, Bellamy joined the staff of the newspaper 'New York Evening Post', in 1872-1876, wrote editorials and book reviews for newspapers 'Springfield Union'. Next ten years entirely devoted to literary work, with the publication of more than three dozen short stories and three novels had the reputation of one of the most promising young writers of America.
In his main work, look back (Looking Backward, 1888; rus. transfers also went under the names Golden Age, in 2000 and others), a utopian novel of Boston in 2000, he described his imagined social order. The book tells of the Bostonians, who has fallen from 19 in. in 2000 and discovered some new social order, in essence, the American version of socialism: 'era of the trusts found its demise in the Great Trust', ie. in the Government. Equality (Equality, 1897) - a kind of economic treatise, in which Bellamy responded to the attacks of numerous critics of his utopia and fill the gaps in the description of its social system. Died Bellamy Chikopi Falls May 22, 1898.