Emil BERLINER (Berliner Emile)( The American inventor.)
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Biography Emil BERLINER (Berliner Emile)
Born May 20, 1851 in Hanover. In 1865 he graduated from high school in Wolfenbц+ttel, in 1870 moved to the U.S.. He worked in New York and Washington as a clerk, a traveling salesman, an assistant chemistry lab. Listening to lectures on electricity and acoustics in the Cooper Institute in New York, engaged in experiments in the field of telephony. In 1877 received a patent for a carbon microphone, as well as the use of telephony in the principle of loose contact and coil. This patent was sold to 'Bell Telephone', and Berliner was hired in the company as a senior specialist on telephone technology. In 1887 Berliner received a patent for the invention of the gramophone in 1908 designed the first lightweight aircraft engine with a radial arrangement of cylinders, built in 1919-1926 and successfully tested in the air, three helicopters
. In 1890 the Berliner founded the Society of disease prevention (future Department of Medical Education), . in 1907 organized and hosted the first conference in Washington on the quality of milk and dairy products, . through which legislation had been passed on milk pasteurization, and developed appropriate standards,
. Berliner died in Washington on Aug. 3, 1929.