BETTELHAYM Bruno (Bettelheim Bruno)( Austrian psychoanalyst and teacher.)
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Biography BETTELHAYM Bruno (Bettelheim Bruno)
Born in Vienna on August 28, 1903, studied art history, psychology and philosophy at the University of Vienna. In 1938 he was arrested by the Nazis and sent to Dachau concentration camp and then to Buchenwald. He was released in 1939 and emigrated to the United States, where he taught psychology at Rockford College (pc. Illinois), and then at the University of Chicago (since 1944). After retirement in 1973, continued to lecture and literary activity. Died Bettelhaym in Silver Spring (ea. Maryland) March 13, 1990.
Bettelhaym believed that the best approach to the treatment of autism are not coercive measures, and regular contact and support from medical staff. Notable development has been the publication Bettelhayma, . based on his experience and observations: Love is not enough (Love Is Not Enough, . 1950), . Fugitives from life (Truants from Life, . 1955), . Deserted fortress (The Empty Fortress, . 1967), . Home for the heart (Home for the Heart, . 1974),
. The views expressed in the deserted castle view that autism is the result of mishandling of parents with a child, is now considered controversial, as revealed the important role of the genetic components of this disease.
Bettelhaym made a significant contribution to the development problems of collective behavior in modern society, especially the analysis of psychopathological phenomena in the Nazi concentration camps. Key work in this area is to become the individual and mass behavior in extreme situations (Individual and Mass Behavior in Extreme Situations, 1943). Theme mass behavior more fully disclosed in the book knows the heart (The Informed Heart, 1960)
. Among the works Bettelhayma - Children Dream (Children of the Dream, . 1960), . analysis of personal development in the Israeli kibbutzim; Benefits enchantment (The Uses of Enchantment, . 1976), . study of fairy tales, . indicating their positive role in children learning to the outside world, Freud and the soul of man (Freud and Man's Soul, . 1983), . which suggests the inadequacy of American translations of Freud.,