BERN Fanny (Burney Fanny)( English writer.)
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Biography BERN Fanny (Burney Fanny)
Born June 13, 1752 in Kings-Lynne (Norfolk). Her father, a fashionable musician and music teacher who later became a famous composer. In 1760 he moved his family to London, where he had longstanding ties to the literary, artistic and theatrical circles. Systematic diary, which Fanny began to pursue in March 1768 and continued for more than seventy years old, discovers her acute powers of observation, extraordinary memory and talent of imitation, the ability to get a load of fun and concerns the rules of good form.
In 1778 Fanny Burney anonymously released a novel, Evelina, a very warm welcome. His authorship was revealed soon. On the advice of his father's young writer refrained from publishing comedy verbiage (The Witlings). Her second novel, Cecilia, or Memoirs heiress (Cecilia; or Memoirs of an Heiress, 1782), was not as resounding success.
In 1792, Bernie met with fleeing from revolutionary France, the royalists, and in July 1793 she married the Chevalier Alexander d'Arble. In Surrey, where the couple had left, Madame d'Arble wrote a novel of manners Camilla, or painting for youth (Camilla; or Picture of Youth, 1796). In 1802, she arrived in Paris with her husband, who hoped to save at least part of his fortune. Napoleonic blockade of Britain detained them in France for 10 years. Returning to England, one in 1814, Bernie has published a novel Wanderer, or women's burdens (Wanderer; or Female Difficulties) - the product of a weak, but has brought income. During the Hundred Days, she once again in continental Europe. General d'Arble, speaking on the side of the royalists, was injured, which will not be able to fully recover. In May 1818 he died, and the widow soon moved to London. In old age she published the Memoirs of Dr. Burney only ... (Memoirs of Doctor Burney ... , 1832). Bernie died Jan. 6, 1840.
Literary works of Fanny Burney not always successful. In 1790-1791, she wrote a white four-verse tragedy in high style. One of them, and Edvi Eldzhayva (Edwy and Elgiva), with the participation of the famous Sarah Siddons, put in Drury Lane RB Sheridan. Statement failed, the play immediately removed. There were four unpublished comedies, including restless day (A Busy Day) - a lively, realistic and original comedy of manners. The best and most significant work remains Burney Evelina, or the appearance of a young lady in society (Evelina; or Young Lady's Entrance into the World), a novel in letters, inherent in the genre with ease.