Marie Francois Xavier Bichat (Bichat Marie Franois Xavier)( French anatomist, physiologist and physician.)
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Biography Marie Francois Xavier Bichat (Bichat Marie Franois Xavier)
Born November 11, 1771 in Tuarete family physician. A course of lectures on medicine in Lyon. In 1793 he left for Paris, where he studied surgery under the guidance of P. desault, and after the death of a teacher engaged in the publication of his works. From 1797 he lectured on anatomy, physiology and surgery. In 1800 he was appointed physician of the Paris Hotel-Dieu hospital, where he worked until the end of life.
Bichat - the founder of the science of human tissue. In his view, textiles - are the basic structural and physiological unit of living. Each type of fabric characterized by its own specific function: the nervous tissue - the sensitivity, muscle - contractility, etc., as well as their morphological, chemical and biological properties. Bichat gave scientific classification of tissues, which in his views, united in the system and forming organs. Disease Bichat regarded as a local process involving only certain organs, tissues and cells of the body. The scientist gave a systematic description of the tissues of people who died from various diseases. These studies, along with others formed the basis of modern pathologic anatomy.
Bichat stood on the positions of the non-reducibility of the laws of the organic world to the laws of inorganic nature, believed in the existence of 'life force' - unknowable substance, distinguishes living from nonliving
. Among the works of the scientist - Physiological studies on the life and death (Recherches physiologiques sur la vie et la mort, 1800), Applications of the general anatomy to physiology and medicine (Anatomie gnrale applique la physiologie et la mdicine, 2 vols, 1801)
. Bichat managed to complete two of the five volumes of her dreams descriptive anatomy (Trait d'anatomie dscriptive, 1801-1803). The last three volumes, completed M. Buisson, and P. Roux, were published in 1805. Bichat died in Lyons July 22, 1802.