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FORMS Auguste (Blanqui Louis Auguste)

( French socialist and revolutionary.)

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Biography FORMS Auguste (Blanqui Louis Auguste)
(1805-1881)
Born February 1, 1805 in the Alpine village of Puget-Tene. He studied in Paris in 1815-1830. Entry into a secret revolutionary society of the Carbonari, in 1827, was wounded during the rebellion against the government of Charles X. Took part in the overthrow of the monarchy during the July Revolution of 1830. Convinced of betraying the revolution, Louis Philippe, joined the most radical opposition to the July Monarchy - Society of Friends of the people. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1831, and then in 1836. In May 1839, after the failed uprising, organized secret society of the seasons, was again imprisoned, where he remained until 1848. Which began in February 1848 revolution opened up new opportunities for the application of revolutionary talents Forms. For participation in the demonstration, vylivsheysya 15 May at dispersing the Constituent Assembly (against which he, in fact, tried to speak during the demonstration itself), he was again arrested and was imprisoned until 1859.
After his release under an amnesty declared by Napoleon III, Blanks was involved in the new 'revolutionary cycle': conspiracy, imprisonment, escape, exile. Since 1865 head of the Belgian secret organization of workers and students in Paris. Consisting of representatives of the middle classes 'government of national defense' change of power by Napoleon III. Forms supported him up until he came to believe the weakness of the new government.

March 17, 1871 was arrested for taking part in the mutiny on Oct. 31, 1870. Blanquists played an important role in the history of the Commune, but they lacked the leader. The Paris Commune was elected its president Blanks, but Thiers refused to exchange it for the Communards taken hostage.

The Third Republic, which arose on the ruins of the Second Empire and the Commune, to keep forms in prison until 1879, when a political campaign he managed to become a member of the Chamber of Deputies from Bordeaux. He died in Paris Blanks January 1, 1881.

His followers have created a faction in the International and a separate faction in the Socialist Party. After the split on the question of bulanzhizme (Movement for the transfer of power to popular French General Jean Boulanger) residues Blanquists eventually joined the French Socialist Party.

Despite the defeat, Blanca has influenced several generations of French radicals. It is believed that a Russian revolutionary PN Tkachev, he was influenced by Lenin. The term 'Blanquism' is still used in Europe to describe putschist or opportunistic political ideas.


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FORMS Auguste (Blanqui Louis Auguste), photo, biography
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