BOZANKET Bernard (Bosanquet Bernard)( British philosopher, a representative of neo-Hegelianism.)
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Biography BOZANKET Bernard (Bosanquet Bernard)
Was born in Rock Hall (county of Northumberland, England), June 14, 1848. He was educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford University. From 1870 until 1881 was a research fellow and tutor at University College, Oxford University, then, . moved to London, . took an active part in the work of the Relief Society, . London Ethical Society, . lectured in the university education,
. From 1903 until 1908 served as professor of moral philosophy at the University of St Andrews (Scotland), and in 1911-1912 he lectured at the University of Edinburgh. The most significant results were obtained Bozanketom in logic, metaphysics and aesthetics.
Together with F. Bradley, his friend and colleague at Oxford, Bozanket was the head of the British school of absolute idealism, drawing on core ideas from the philosophy of Plato and Hegel. The core of his teachings was the idea that only through an entire, complete and absolute system of things, we find the real truth and reality. Consider something abstract, ie. out of context - it means not to see reality. To understand what constitutes any bodily organ, say the stomach, we should see its function within the body. Similarly, to understand that such a body, we must establish his relationship with the environment, and similarly the case with each subsequent integrity. Each of the following integrity more understandable, and not so much because of the scale, but in virtue of its organization, each getting closer to a perfect system, in which each part is assumed by other parts of. Such a system Bozanket called 'concrete universals' or 'individual'.
In his most famous work of the principle of individuality and value (The Principle of Individuality and Value, 1912), this system serves as a measure of truth, goodness and beauty. The truth is not in accordance ideas brute fact of perception: such facts do not exist. It is the perception, thought structure, built on a foundation of sensations, and in a measure of the scale and coherence of this design is the truth.
At the same considerations based bozanketovsky ideal of self-realization in ethics and politics. Mind by its very nature is an attempt by the fragmentary experience to make themselves organized integrity. In itself it can not achieve this because it is a body within the social organism and its true purpose - to serve the community. Since the benefit of the community is a moral to each of its members, the laws of community - even if they involve the punishment - is a 'real will' of the individual. For Bozanketa, as well as for his teacher, T. Green, a political commitment comes from the necessity of the State and serves the common good, politics is applied ethics. The prosecution in totalitarian inclinations against Bozanketa reason: he was a pronounced liberal and internationalist. Bozanket died in London on February 8, 1923
. Among his other works are the following: Knowledge and Reality (Knowledge and Reality, . 1885); Logic (Logic, . 1888); History of Aesthetics (History of Aesthetics, . 1892), Philosophy of the State (Philosophical Theory of the State, . 1899); Some of the ideas in the field of ethics (Some Suggestions in Ethics, . 1918); Social and international ideals (Social and International Ideals, . 1917); three chapters on the nature of consciousness (Three Chapters on the Nature of Mind, . 1923).,