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Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley)

( British statesman.)

Comments for Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley)
Biography Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley)
photo Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley)
(1867-1947)
Born August 3, 1867 in Byudli (Worcester County), the son of a major industrialist. He studied at Harrow Baldwin (1881-1885) and Trinity College, Cambridge University (1885-1888). In 1908, after the death of his father, who was a member of parliament from the constituency, where he settled owned steelmakers, Baldwin was elected to his seat from the Conservative Party.
In 1916, Baldwin became parliamentary secretary to B. Law, then the Financial Secretary of the Treasury and entered the cabinet of the postwar coalition government of Lloyd George as Minister of Trade. In October 1922, becoming Speaker of the Conservative Party, he decided to quit the coalition and to conduct the election campaign itself. Lloyd George, resigned and the Conservatives have persuaded Lowe to return to politics as their leader, having received the December 1922 elections, majority. Lowe became prime minister, and Baldwin - finance minister. In 1923, as Finance Minister, he signed an agreement to pay the debts of the U.S. military loans, which caused a wave of criticism in England.

First premiership Baldwin (he took the post in May 1923 due to illness Low) lasted only a few months. In the general election, Baldwin was defeated, and came to power the first Labor Government in R. MacDonald. The third re-election in 1924 led him to victory, the second Baldwin's premiership lasted from 1924 to 1929. In 1926 in England held its first general strike. In 1927 a law was passed "On the industrial conflict and the trade unions', prohibiting a general strike and viewed it as a criminal offense. Second Labor government, which replaced the Conservatives, was forced to act in an economic crisis of 1929. In 1931 the coalition government was formed headed by MacDonald. Baldwin led the largest faction of the government - the Conservative Party, served as Lord President of the Council, Deputy Prime. The third time he became prime minister in 1935, after the resignation of the Macdonald.

In foreign policy, Baldwin followed the tactics of waiting, which proved totally unacceptable to the tense atmosphere, the end of 1930. Baldwin did not listen to the warnings of Winston Churchill and other politicians, who pointed to the danger posed by Nazi Germany. In 1937, Baldwin walked away from politics, before completing work on the abdication of King Edward VIII.

When the Second World War, Baldwin began to blame the fact that he made a weakening of the country's defense. Baldwin died at Astley Hall (Stourport-on-Severn) 14 December 1947.


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Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley), photo, biography
Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley), photo, biography Stanley Baldwin (Baldwin Stanley)  British statesman., photo, biography
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