Botta, Paul Emile (Botta Paul-mile)( French archaeologist and diplomat.)
Comments for Botta, Paul Emile (Botta Paul-mile)
Biography Botta, Paul Emile (Botta Paul-mile)
The son of Carlo Botta, was born in Turin (Italy), Dec. 6, 1802. He received medical education, traveled, and since 1830 served as a doctor at the Egyptian Pasha Muhammad Ali and accompanied him in the campaign against the Turkish sultan in Syria, where he assembled a valuable collection of zoological. In 1833, Botta was appointed French consul, first in Alexandria, and in 1842 - in Mosul (in modern. Iraq). Intrigued archeology, . began in 1843, excavations in the area Khorsabad (near Mosul), and soon discovered the ruins of the Assyrian city of Dur Sharrukin with the king's palace of Sargon II, . who took over the ruins of Nineveh (in fact it was on the opposite bank of the Tigris),
. Monuments found there (in particular, the statues of winged bulls with human heads) are stored now in the Assyrian collections of the Louvre. In the 1845-1851 excavations at the other side began O. Layard (who found Nineveh). Also works on Assyrian cuneiform, Botha has published works of inscriptions discovered in Khorsabad (Inscriptions dcouvertes Khorsabad, 1848) and Nineveh Monument (Monument de Ninive, 1849-1850). Latest work (consisting of one volume of the text of the Bott and 4 volumes of drawings loaned by the French Government of the artist Eugene Napoleon Flandin) is considered the first significant work in the field of Assyrian Archeology. In 1847-1857 Bott was the French consul general in Jerusalem, in 1857-1870 - Consul General in Tripoli. Bott died in Asher (near Poissy) 29 March 1870.