Louis Charles Breguet (Brguet Louis-Charles)( Pioneer aircraft industry.)
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Biography Louis Charles Breguet (Brguet Louis-Charles)
Born January 2, 1880 in Paris, he studied in high schools Condorcet and Carnot, he graduated from the Graduate School of electrical. Worked on the design firm owned by his family. In 1905, together with Charles Richet and his brother Jacques started to create giroplana (predecessor of helicopter), which flew in 1907. In 1909 he built his first plane, and in 1911 it established the speed record. One of the first set up a metal plane. His first model (1910) had a wing with a spar in the form of large diameter steel pipe. 'Breguet-14' - day bomber and reconnaissance aircraft - was made of aluminum, with the exception of wooden ribs and zalizov wing, as well as the tissue lining. This was the main bomber aircraft of the French army during the First World War and until 1920, the American Expeditionary Force had 16 Squadrons 'Breguet-14'. In 1919, Breguet was founded Airlines 'Messageries eren' future 'Air France'. In 1927 he made the first nonstop flight across the South Atlantic, and in 1933 - the longest at the time trans-Atlantic flight. In 1935, Breguet was returned to the creation of the helicopter and developed a design with blades that carried out a complex rotational-waving motion. During the Second World War has focused on building military aircraft, after the war, has built several large four-engined transport aircraft. Breguet died in Paris on 4 May 1955.