BREIER Marseille (Breuer Marcel)( American architect and furniture designer, one of the founders of industrial design.)
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Biography BREIER Marseille (Breuer Marcel)
. Creativity Breuer was not associated with any one style or trend in art, he freely uses the wide range of forms, . constructive ideas and materials, . Consequently, his works offer a huge variety of options, even by modern standards,
Breyer was born May 21, 1902 in Pecs (Hungary). In 1920 joined the newly opened Bauhaus - the High School construction and artistic design, based in Weimar W. Gropius. Breyer became famous as a furniture designer. One of his most famous works - the chair of the metal tubes 'Basil', whose design was inspired by the shape of a bicycle wheel (this work was devoted to Wassily Kandinsky, who taught in those years at the Bauhaus). In 1927 Breuer left the Bauhaus and moved to Berlin. In the early 1930's were completed its major architectural works: house Harnishmahera in Wiesbaden and residential complex Doltertal in Zurich. Both buildings are made in the spirit of the ruling while at the Bauhaus rationalism. In 1935, Breuer emigrated from Nazi Germany to England, and in 1937 moved to the United States, where he began to work together with Gropius at the Harvard School of Architecture.
Breuer worked in collaboration with Gropius from 1937 to 1941. During this period, he developed new versions of single-family homes, which played a prominent role in the further development of U.S. residential construction. A typical example is the house in Kohassete Haggerty (pc. Mass.).
In 1946, after leaving Harvard, Breyer began independent work in New York. In 1953 he received the first major order for the design of the complex of UNESCO in Paris. In the 1950's and 1960's he was researching the design and plastic possibilities of reinforced concrete. Highlights of those years - the abbey of Saint John in Kolledzhvile (pc. Minnesota), Research Center of Ai-bi-em (IBM) in the Year of La (France), home Kerfera in Switzerland and, finally, the Whitney Museum in New York.
In 1972 the Metropolitan Museum of Art organized a major exhibition of works Breuer. Professional credo master formulated in his book Light and shadow, the philosophy of the architect, published in 1955. Breuer died in New York on July 1, 1981.