BROC Paul (Broca Paul)( French anthropologist and surgeon.)
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Biography BROC Paul (Broca Paul)
Born June 28, 1824 in Saint-Foy-la-Grande (Gironde department). He received medical training and already in his younger years published several works on medicine and surgery. The most famous of his works in this area - a series of publications on the pathology of articular cartilage (1848-1851) and aneurysms and Treatise on Tumors. Since the study in 1850 exhumed the skeletons of the old cemetery in Paris, began his fascination with the physical anthropology. In 1859, Broca founded the Paris Society of Anthropology, the head of which he remained until the end of life. In 1867, he became a professor and was soon elected to the Medical Academy. Continue teaching and organizational activities, conducted research on the brain, which led to the detection center of speech, known as 'Broca's convolution'. Publications scholar in anthropology stimulated the development of this science, especially the many he has done to develop the tools of physical anthropology. In 1872, Broca founded the journal 'Anthropological Review' ( 'Revue d'anthropologie'), and in 1876 - the High School of Anthropology. He actively participated in the scientific life of France, was the founder of the French Association for the Advancement of Science. Broca died in Paris on July 9, 1880.