BRESTED James Henry (Breasted James Henry)( American Egyptologist.)
Comments for BRESTED James Henry (Breasted James Henry)
Biography BRESTED James Henry (Breasted James Henry)
Born in Rockford (pc. Illinois), August 27, 1865. He studied at the Chicago Theological Seminary, Yale and the University of Berlin. In 1894, he was appointed assistant in the Department of Egyptology, University of Chicago, from 1905 - professor of Egyptology and the history of the East. At the invitation of the Royal Academies of Germany Brested taken up and systematize the Egyptian inscriptions in museums of Europe, contributed to the drafting of the Berlin Egyptian Dictionary. This enabled him to gather material for the now-classic work Ancient Egyptian texts: historical documents from ancient times to the Persian conquest (Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, . v,
. 1-5, 1906-1907). These surveys provided the basis for writing the history of Egypt (History of Egypt, 1905), as an exemplary work in this area
. Among other works Bresteda - Ancient era (Ancient Times, . 1916), . reader of ancient history, civilization Victory (The Conquest of Civilization, . 1926) and At the root of consciousness (The Dawn of Conscience, . 1933), . which discusses a wide range of humanistic ideas,
. Battle of Kadesh (Battle of Kadesh, 1903) - have not lost their value so far the first study in human history is well-documented battle. Best work Bresteda is a monumental work of Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus (Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus, 1930).
Also lessons philology and history, Brested conducted archaeological research. In 1905-1907 headed the expedition to Egypt and Sudan. In 1919, founded the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, and continued as its director of archeological field work, organized an expedition to Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, Iraq and Iran (including excavation in Luxor, Megiddo and Persepolis). Oriental Institute became the largest in the Western Hemisphere Center for Middle East Studies and Archeology. Brested died in New York on December 2, 1935.