BRUCE Stanley (Bruce of Melbourne Stanley)( Prime Minister of Australia.)
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Biography BRUCE Stanley (Bruce of Melbourne Stanley)
Born April 15, 1883 in Melbourne. In 1906 received the right to practice, during the First World War he served in the British Army. He was elected to the Australian House of Representatives in 1918. He was the head of the Australian delegation to the League of Nations Assembly in 1921 and Minister of Finance of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1921-1923. After the fall of the government in 1923 W. Hughes became Prime Minister and Minister of External Relations. At the Imperial Conference of 1923 attempted to obtain more favorable conditions for the activities of Australian businesses in the UK market. In 1929, attempted to abolish the Australian legislation on industrial arbitration and send the appropriate authority State Legislatures, which led to his resignation.
Bruce returned to the Australian Parliament in 1931, in 1932-1933 he was Minister without portfolio. He represented Australia at the Ottawa Conference in 1932 and at the World Economic Conference in London in 1933. In 1933-1945 was High Commissioner of Australia in London. Presided at the Montreux Conference, convened in 1936 to resolve the issue of the Black Sea Straits. From 1942 to 1945 he represented Australia in the military office of the United Kingdom and the military council of the Pacific theater of operations. He was ambassador of Australia to the Netherlands Government in exile, who was in London. In 1946 and 1947 presided over the preparatory commission for the development of world food program, in 1947-1951 was the chairman of the World Food Council. In 1947 received the title of Viscount. In 1952, Lord Bruce was the first chancellor of the Australian National University in Canberra. Bruce died in London on August 25, 1967.