BRUCE, James Bruce (Bryce James Bryce)( British statesman and historian.)
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Biography BRUCE, James Bruce (Bryce James Bryce)
Viscount Bruce Dechmond, was born May 10, 1838 in Belfast (Ireland), son of James Bruce, a school teacher, a native of Scotland. In 1862 he graduated from Trinity College at Oxford University, continued his education at the University of Heidelberg. In 1867, he received the right to practice law. In 1870 he was awarded Doctor Compression, in 1870-1893 he taught civil law at Oxford. In 1880 he was elected to the House of Commons, . included in the Government, . formed by the liberals, in 1886-1892 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1892 - Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, in 1894-1895 - Minister of Trade, in 1905-1907 - Secretary for Ireland,
. In 1870, Bruce traveled to America in 1876, visited the Caucasus, later became the founder of the English-Armenian Society. In 1907-1913 - Ambassador of Great Britain in the U.S.. In 1913, Bruce was granted a peerage in 1914 he received the title of Viscount. In the same year became a member of the International Court in The Hague during World War II headed the committee investigating Nazi crimes in the territory of Belgium and France, supported the formation of the League of Nations.
Combining the life of a scientist and statesman, Bruce has made the long trip to the U.S., South America, Europe and the British Dominions. His first work of the Holy Roman Empire (The Holy Roman Empire, 1864) was written, when Bruce taught at Oxford. The most famous of his essay - The American Commonwealth (The American Commonwealth, 1888) remains the classic scientific work in this area. Another famous work - Modern Democracy (Modern Democracies, 1921). Among other works of Bruce - Studies in History and Jurisprudence (Studies in History and Jurisprudence, 1901) - contribution to the field of comparative jurisprudence. Bruce died in Sidmouth (Devon County) January 22, 1922.