Mangosuthu Buthelezi Gatcha (Buthelezi Mangosuthu Gatsha)( Chief Minister of KwaZulu, Inkatha leader - the party of freedom.)
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Biography Mangosuthu Buthelezi Gatcha (Buthelezi Mangosuthu Gatsha)
Born August 27, 1928 near Nandomy in Zululand, the grandson of the chief adviser ingonyamy (supreme leader) Ketchvayo and the maternal side - the grandson ingonyamy Dinuzulu. He studied at the Methodist High School in Natal, then in the South African native college. He was expelled for taking part in student demonstrations. Complete their education at the University of Natal. In 1953, inherited the title of Chief Buthelezi, the Zulu clan. In the 1960's fought against the realization of the Bantu Self-Government Act, adopted in 1959. In 1970 headed the territorial government of Zululand. In 1972, became Chief Minister of KwaZulu, has confirmed its leadership in the first elections in KwaZulu 1978. In the same year, Zulu political movement Inkatha Enkululeko E Sizve, numbering more than 100 thousand. members to join the political party colored and Indians form the South African Alliance, the largest political unification of South Africa
. Buthelezi did not support the efforts of the African National Congress (ANC) and other radical groups to create a non-racial democracy in South Africa, . proposing instead a model of federalism, . where different ethnic groups could share the political power,
. Urged the Government of South Africa to release Nelson Mandela - ANC leader, is in custody.
After the release of Mandela in 1990, it became clear that Buthelezi is his only potential rival for leadership among the black population of South Africa. In 1990, Buthelezi's Inkatha movement had reorganized into a political organization Inkatha - Freedom Party (IFP) to create a base for negotiations on a new constitution. IFP opposed the agreement to hold multiracial elections, reached between the ANC and the government in June 1993. The same position was taken by extreme right-wing Afrikaner organizations and heads of independent homelands of Ciskei and Bophuthatswana. IFP announced that it will boycott scheduled for April 1994 elections, many of its supporters involved in violent actions that forced the Government to introduce in the province of Natal state of emergency. At the last moment IFP agreed to participate in the elections and received approximately. 10% of votes. Buthelezi was appointed Minister of the Interior in the Transitional Government of National Unity, headed by Nelson Mandela. He continued to play an active role in politics throughout the 1990's.