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Democritus of Abdera

( atomists ancient Greek philosopher and scholar and lexicographer)

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Biography Democritus of Abdera
photo Democritus of Abdera
He studied at Leucippus, and also, possibly, the Pythagoreans. Apparently, made several trips to countries of the East. Later was in friendly relations with Hippocrates. Democritus was a multilateral exercises and prolific author. Most of the works Demokrita lost, have survived only a short quotation.
The philosophy of Democritus is the prototype consistently materialist theory, it later turned out a huge impact on the development of European philosophy and natural science thoughts. Sensual perception attributed to Democritus, like Empedocles, after falling in the senses (in DDemokrita - streams of atoms, which are separated from the perceived body). There are indications that Democritus distributed atomistic representations of space and time, constructing a kind of atomistic geometry. Developing presentation Leucippus of the need and pattern of all performed, Democritus closer to a mechanistic understanding of the world, considering the need for the movement, resistance, and collision of atoms. Leucippus Democritus adopted the concept of space vortices generating countless worlds, changing it only some details. The worlds of Democritus, vary in size and structure: in some worlds there is neither the sun nor the moon, in other Sun and Moon bigger than ours, the third is more similar to the light. The distances between the worlds are unequal, with some the worlds only arise, others are in bloom, others dying, when confronted with each other. Some worlds are deprived of life and have no moisture. All living things differ from nonliving existence of the soul, consisting of a spherical moving atoms, such atoms fire. Man differs from the animal's special arrangement of atoms of the soul, alternating with the atoms of the body. Drawing an analogy between the structure of the human body and the cosmos, Democritus coined the term "microcosm". Soul Democritus believed death: when the body dies, the atoms of the soul leaving it scattered in space. Gods, according to Democritus, - is a special connection spherical fire atoms, they are not easily destroyed, but not forever. They are capable of beneficial or pernicious influence a person, as well as bring people to these or other signs. The purpose of life Democritus considered a good frame of mind, serene and happy state, when a person is not exposed to the passions and fear. The highest virtue, by Democritus, - serene wisdom.

In honor of Democritus named minor planet (asteroid) number 6129


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Democritus of Abdera, photo, biography
Democritus of Abdera, photo, biography Democritus of Abdera  atomists ancient Greek philosopher and scholar and lexicographer, photo, biography
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