Julian Flavius Claudius( Roman emperor from 361 g)
Comments for Julian Flavius Claudius
Biography Julian Flavius Claudius
Nephew of Constantine the Great, for the treatment of Christianity in paganism was at church historians nicknamed the Apostate. He studied at the rhetoricians of Constantinople, Nicomedia listened to the famous Libanius, later became a disciple of the philosopher Aedesius and entered the circle of followers of Iamblichus. In 355 he was initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries. After becoming emperor, Julian tried to be a "philosopher on the throne and attempted to revive the pagan polytheism as a new state. religion, while avoiding direct persecution of Christians.
Differences on the model of Iamblichus, the worlds intelligible, thoughtful and sensitive, Julian center of each of them considered the god-sun the sun the world of sense for him was only a reflection of the sun intelligible world. Julian was "Hymn to King Helios", which sets out the secret doctrine, associated with the mysteries of Mithras. In this work describes the structure of the Zodiac, near the Babylonian theory seasons: "... he (Helios) divides the three spheres of four on the zodiac, which is associated with each of the three, since it divides the zodiac into twelve divine powers, and again he divides each of the twelve, three, turned out to thirty-six of the gods. Hence, . I believe, . top down from heaven to us down the triple gift of Grace: I am thinking of the spheres, . Because God (Helios), so dividing them into four quad sends us the glory of seasons, . which express the change of time "(Transl.: Wright WC,
. The Works of the Emperor Julian. VI, Loeb Classical Series). Divide into four arises from the fact that the zodiac corresponds with the "three worlds". B.Van der Waerden indicates that this can be explained as follows: three of the world are three zones in the sky: the northern part of the zodiac is in the first zone (Wed. Babylonian "Path of Enlil"), the southern part - in the third zone ( "path Ea), and the remaining two parts - in the middle zone (" path Anu "). Summer sun is in the northern zone, in the winter - in the south, and in spring and autumn - in the median area.
A further division of the 12 zodiacal signs three Julian gets 36 "of divine forces", ie. Deans. This trisection signs of the zodiac is the only point at which the secret teachings disclosed Julian, coincides with the teachings of the Hellenistic astrologers. Thus, the secret teachings of Julian arose, apparently, at the confluence of Iranian ideas with Babylonian doctrines and spread further within the cult of Mithra.