VEYDENREYH Franz (Weidenreich Franz)( German scientist, a specialist in physical anthropology and anatomy)
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Biography VEYDENREYH Franz (Weidenreich Franz)
More best known for studies of fossil remains of a so-called. 'Peking man' (Sinanthropus). Born June 7, 1873 in Edenkobene (Germany). He studied medicine at the universities of Munich, Kiel, Berlin and Strasbourg, where he received his medical degree (1899). He worked in the field of hematology. He became professor of anatomy in Strasbourg (1904-1918), published over 50 papers on the anatomy. He headed the Department of Anatomy at Heidelberg University (1921-1928) and the Department of Anthropology University of Frankfurt (1928-1935).
The first study Veydenreyhom fossil human remains, published in 1926, was devoted to the skull of neandertaloida Ehringsdorf. In 1935, as a visiting professor at Peking Union Medical College, Veydenreyh began to study the remains of "Peking Man ', Sinanthropus pekinensis. Prior to their discovery in 1927, science was known (except TN. 'Heidelberg jaw') fragments of the skull humanoids from the island of Java, Homo erectus. Sinanthropus had similarities with Homo erectus in many structural features of the skull and tooth shape. Taken together, these two sets of human remains dating from the early Middle Pleistocene epoch (about. 1 million. years ago), provide relatively clear picture of early man, later named 'archanthropines'.
In 1937 Veydenreyh joined the Dutch anthropologist G. Koenigswald in Java, where the remains were discovered new archanthropines. In 1938, scientists announced a significant discovery - a large human skull fossil, known as Pithecanthropus robustus. In 1939 Veydenreyh published a report on the three turtles Homo sapiens, found in the upper layer of the cave Chzhoukoudyan. In 1940 he moved to the U.S., taking a carefully made plaster casts of the finds Sinanthropus (the originals of these remains have been lost)
. Since 1941 Veydenreyh worked at the Museum of Natural History in New York, . Having devoted the last years of his life writing labor skull of Peking Sinanthropus (The Skull of Sinanthropus pekinensis, . 1943) and developing the concept of human evolution, . which is more fully described in his book, Primates monkey, . Gigantopithecus and the man (Apes, . Giants and Man, . 1946),
Died Veydenreyh in New York on July 11, 1948.