Born March 30, 1844 in Metz. In 1851 the family moved to Paris, where Verlaine
went to the Lyceum. In 1862 he received an official place in the insurance company. In 1866, the first issue of a poetic anthology "Modern Parnassus" ( "Le Parnasse contemporain"), there are poems not yet known at the time of Verlaine
. In the same year released his first collection of Saturnian verse (Poems saturniens), remaining undetected. In 1869, after reading C. Goldoni and the Goncourt brothers, the 18 century, Verlaine
published Gallant Festivals (Ftes galantes). In 1870, inspired by the published engagement with Matilda Mote Collection Good song (La Bonne chanson), which is noticeable departure from Parnassian manner of writing.
Member of the Paris Commune, Verlaine
had after its fall on time to leave Paris. When he returned, met with A. Rimbaud, and in 1872 went with him, first in Belgium, then in England, written during this time a book of poems Songs Without Words (Romances sans paroles, 1874). Verlaine
did not use free verse, but his masterly possession of traditional verse forms, blurring rhymes and rhythmic diversity creates unsurpassed in lyric poetry melodiousness.
In 1873, Rimbaud, Verlaine
wounded in the hand, the court sentenced him to two years in jail. In prison he became a devout Catholic. Coming to freedom in 1875, several years teaching in England and France, tried to do farming. In 1881 he released his famed collection of Wisdom (Sagesse). In 1884 Verlaine
published the prose text damned poets (Les Potes maudits), contributed to the recognition of the new poetry as a school, and a book of poetry a long time and recently (Jadis et nagure).
By the end of the life of Verlaine
became almost legendary figure. By 1885 he - a recognized "the prince of poets". Verlaine
died Jan. 8, 1896.