Christoph Martin Wieland (Wieland Christoph Martin)( German writer.)
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Biography Christoph Martin Wieland (Wieland Christoph Martin)
Born September 5, 1733 in Oberholtshayme under Biberahom (Wц+rttemberg). He grew up in pietistskoy environment, with harsh manners. The school first became acquainted with classical literature, modern French authors and English periodicals. In 1751 Wieland sent his unpublished epic Hermann (Hermann) Swiss scientist and criticism I. Ya Bodmer (1698-1783) and in 1752 was invited to join him in Zurich, . where he wrote on the biblical story of Abraham Test (Der geprfte Abraham, . 1753) and Letters of the dead to living friends (Briefe von Verstorbenen an hinterlassene Freunde, . 1753),
. In Zurich, where Wieland remained until 1759, he gradually moved away from pietism and turned to the ancient philosophy. Full waiver of pietism is evident in the novel The Adventures of Don Sylvio de Rozalvy (Die Abenteuer des Don Sylvio von Rosalva, 1764) and comic novels (Komische Erzhlungen, 1765), translated from the ancient Greek poetry. In 1762-1766 he turned 22 Shakespeare. Roman Agathon (Agathon, 1766-1767) actually tells us about his own address to the hedonistic and marks the beginning of the German novel of psychological.
In 1769 Wieland was a teacher of philosophy in the place of University of Erfurt, three years later, after the publication of the Golden Mirror (Der goldene Spiegel), he accepted an invitation to the Duchess of Weimar, and became the tutor of her sons. In 1773-1789 he published the magazine 'German Mercury' ( 'Der Teutsche Merkur'). In 1774 published a famous story abderitov (Die Abderiten), a satire on provincial German limited. The most poetic of his work is considered a poem-tale Oberon (Oberon). Wieland died in Weimar on 20 January 1813.