WINE Wilhelm (Wien Wilhelm)( German physicist.)
Comments for WINE Wilhelm (Wien Wilhelm)
Biography WINE Wilhelm (Wien Wilhelm)
(1864-1928), born in Gafkene (East Prussia, now Poland), January 13, 1864. In 1886 he graduated from Berlin University, from 1890 worked as assistant to Helmholtz in the Physical-Technical University in Berlin. In 1892-1896 - assistant professor at Berlin University, in 1896-1890 - professor at the Higher Technical School in Aachen. In 1900-1920 - Professor of Wц+rzburg, in 1920-1928 - University of Munich. Wine Research related to the theory of heat radiation, optics, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics. In 1893, Vin found, . that the energy distribution of blackbody radiation is a function of the product of wavelength and temperature, . which implied, . that with increasing temperature the maximum emission energy is shifted toward shorter wavelengths (Wien's displacement law),
. In 1896 Vin was a formula for the distribution of energy in the spectrum of black body (the law of radiation Wines), agrees well with experimental data in the field of short waves. Laws Wine played a significant role in the development of quantum theory, and in 1911 a scientist was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Vin also studied the electrical conductivity of metals, cathode and X-rays. In 1907, measured the wavelength of X-rays. A method of measuring long-term emission-free atoms. Written several books on hydrodynamics, theoretical physics and the theory of relativity, for several years was editor of the journal 'Annals of Physics' ( 'Annalen der Physik'). Win died in Munich on Aug. 30, 1928.