Vasco da Gama (Da Gama Vasco)( Portuguese navigator.)
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Biography Vasco da Gama (Da Gama Vasco)
About his childhood and youth Vasco da Gama, little is known. He was born in Sines, was educated in Evora, studied the art of navigation
. After opening in 1488 the Cape of Good Hope Bartolomeu Dias and receive messages from Peru di Kovilyamy, . that he reached the land of India, . King John II ordered the construction of ships and send them to find a sea route to India, . but did not manage to fulfill conceived and died in 1495,
. His successor, Manuel I in 1497 ordered to send an expedition led by Vasco da Gama. The flotilla consisted of the flagship 'San Gabriel' ship 'San Rafael' (the captain who was the brother of Vasco da Gama Paulo) and two small vessels.
Vasco da Gama left Lisbon, July 8, 1497, from Cape Verde Islands headed west, then turned east and, after describing a great arc, reached the coast of Africa near the Cape of Good Hope. After clashes with the local population in the extreme south of Africa continued to sail and rounded the Cape of Good Hope. On the east coast of Africa came into conflict with the local Arab leaders. Many members of the expedition died of scurvy. In the Arab port of Malindi, the Portuguese encountered friendly. Vasco da Gama hired an experienced pilot who led the flotilla crossed the Indian Ocean and May 20, 1498 reached Calicut on the Malabar coast of India. See. also India.
On the way back flotilla chased storms. During one of them 'San Rafael' was badly damaged and had to quit. Vasco da Gama landed on o.Terceyra in the Azores archipelago, to bury his brother Paulo. On one August day in 1499, arrived in Lisbon. Along with him came 55 survivors of the expedition members (out of 170). Home was delivered precious cargo - pepper and other oriental spices. Thus, if the voyages of Columbus through the vast lands were discovered in the New World, the Vasco da Gama discovered the wealth of Europe and Asia Resources. King Manuel granted him a title of nobility, and in 1502 - the title of Admiral of India.
In 1500 a Portuguese fleet under the command of Pedro Cabral Alvarisha was sent to the trade mission to the East and has participated in several battles in the Malabar Coast. In 1502 Vasco da Gama was sent to India with a punitive expedition. Along the way, opened the Amirante Islands in the Indian Ocean (they are still sometimes called the Admiral's in memory of Vasco da Gama) and established colonies in Mozambique and Sofale on the southeastern coast of Africa. During his second voyage of Vasco da Gama won numerous awards and privileges. In 1519 he was granted the Portuguese city Vidigueira and Villa da Frade, together with the title of Count Vidigueira. New King John III in 1524 sent Vasco da Gama to India as viceroy, putting him in charge of the first European colony in Asia.
Vasco da Gama died in Cochin (India) 24 December 1524.