Samuel Hahnemann (Hahnemann Samuel)( German doctor.)
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Biography Samuel Hahnemann (Hahnemann Samuel)
Born April 10, 1755 in Meissen (Saxony). He studied medicine in Leipzig and Vienna. In 1779, Erlangen Hahnemann University awarded the title of doctor, and he took up practice in Dresden, but soon became disillusioned with medicine. He worked as a librarian, read medical and science literature. In 1789 he moved to Leipzig. In 1790, working on the translation of the book William Cullen Medicinal substances (Materia medica), drew attention to the peculiarities of the cinchona tree bark on the human. Hahnemann began to take cinchonic powder, which, in his observations, made him the symptoms resemble the symptoms of intermittent fever. Having done similar experiments with other drugs, come to the conclusion that any of them is in a healthy person symptoms of the disease for which treatment is intended. By adopting the principle of 'like cure like', Hahnemann was used against vomiting, emetics, excited - exciting, and in large doses. Having received such treatment, the opposite effect, in 1799 moved to treatment with low doses. In 1810 published his main work, Organon of rational healing art (Organon der rationellen Heilkunst), which outlined a new doctrine, which he called homeopathy. The following year released the first volume of six volumes Labor Net Drugs (Materia medica pura, 1811-1821). Based in Leipzig, was engaged in practice of medicine, lecturing at the university and the promotion of its system. In 1820, under pressure from opponents of methods Hahnemann, the government issued an order forbidding him to distribute drugs homemade. Hahnemann left Leipzig and found refuge in KцTthen. In 1828-1830 Hahnemann published his four-volume work of chronic diseases (Die chronischen Krankheiten). In 1830 he moved to France, continuing to promote his teachings and practice medicine. Hahnemann died in Paris on July 2, 1843.