Hamlin Garland (Garland Hamlin)( One of the earliest realists in American literature.)
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Biography Hamlin Garland (Garland Hamlin)
Hannibal Hamlin Garland was born on September 14, 1860 in West Salem (pc. Wisconsin), the early years spent among the Pioneer Iowa and Dakota. In 1884 he left for Boston, which fell under the influence of the writer and critic William D. Howells.
Highways (Main-Travelled Roads, 1891) Garland - a collection of stories describing the hardships of farm life. In his book Collapse idols (Crumbling Idols, 1894) proposed the theory of Garland 'veritizma', became a supporter of realism and 'local color' in the literature and impressionist art. In 1892 there were published four novels Garland, advocating for change in society: Jason Edwards (Jason Edwards), small Norwegian (A Little Norsk), the third member of the House (A Member of the Third House) and A Profitable Post (A Spoil of Office ). In the novel, Rose of Datcherovoy beam (Rose of Dutcher's Coolly, 1895) sympathetically treated problems 'new woman'. People Prairies (Prairie Folks, 1893) and Roadside dating (Wayside Courtships, 1897), incorporated in 1910 in the book Other highways (Other Main-Travelled Roads, 1910) - collections of short stories.
In later years Garland creates a cycle of novels, generally uninteresting, which takes place in the Rocky Mountains. However, it is not quite extinguished ardor affected and Captain Squadron gray horses (A Captain of the Gray Horse Troop, 1902) on the exploitation of Indians, and in the forestry Kawana (Cavanaugh, Forest Ranger, 1910). The Book of American Indian (The Book of American Indian, 1923) - a collection of stories, a remarkable fact that it was the first Indian life content of a literary work. Other novels of this period are devoted to spiritism.
Since the beginning of the First World War, Garland gave himself up nostalgic memories of childhood years in the Midwest. Book Son of the Midwest (A Son of the Middle Border, 1917) was met with critical approval, for its continuance, the daughter of the Midwest (A Daughter of the Middle Border, 1921), Garland won the Pulitzer Prize for biography section. Opening of the Midwest (Trail-Makers of the Middle Border, 1926) and Return of the Midwest (Back-Trailers of the Middle Border, 1928) this was not successful. In the last decade of his life Garland wrote the four volumes of memoirs, as well as a book about his passion for forty years in parapsychological research (Forty Years of Psychic Research, 1936). Sociable, easy on the rise, Garland continued to publish books and give lectures until his death, in Los Angeles March 4, 1940.