Richard Jordan Gatling (Gatling Richard Jordan)( The American inventor.)
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Biography Richard Jordan Gatling (Gatling Richard Jordan)
Born September 12, 1818 in Hartford County (pc. North Carolina) in the family plantation. From a young age helping his father in the improvement of agricultural machinery in 1839 and has already received his first patent - an invention of rice planter. In 1850 he graduated from the Medical College in Cincinnati (pc. Ohio), but the doctor never practiced. In 1844, settled in St. Louis (pc. Missouri) in 1850 constructed a number of new agricultural machinery and the propeller for a steam ship, which was patented in 1862. In the same year received a patent for his most famous invention - kartechnitsu, multi-bang-bang, which took a bunch of 6 to 10 trunks, as set forth in a longitudinal shaft. Rotating about a fixed breech, barrels consistently revived, producing a shot and threw spent case, the cartridges are fed into the store, located above the breech. Rate first kartechnitsy was 350 rounds per minute, and later versions - up to 1200. During the Civil War in America 1861-1865 Gatling tried unsuccessfully to interest his invention of the federal government, . but the state order for 100 units of these weapons came only in 1866 and was completed plant firms 'Colt',
. Subsequently kartechnitsa Gatling was accepted by many armies, the further its improvements have led to a gun. Gatling invented as a weapon of alloys and self-propelled plow with the steam engine. Gatling died in New York on February 26, 1903.