Sergei I. HESSE( Russian philosopher.)
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Biography Sergei I. HESSE
He was born in Ust-Sysolskoe August 16, 1887. Graduated from the Faculty of St. Petersburg University. Philosophical education in Germany, the universities of Heidelberg and Freiburg, where he studied under the guidance of G. Rickert, V. Windelband, B. Laska. In 1910 he defended his doctoral thesis in Germany on individual causation. Hesse maintained relations with the young Russian and German philosophers: F. Stepun, B. Yakovenko, R. Kroner, G. Melis and others. Within this framework there is the idea of creating an international journal devoted to the problems of philosophy of culture. This magazine became the 'Logos' (1910-1914), in the publication of which took an active part of Hesse. In Hesse 1913-1917 - Assistant Professor of St. Petersburg University. In 1917-1920 - Professor of Tomsk University. In 1922, Hesse left Russia. Since 1924 - Professor of Russian pedagogical institute in Prague. In 1934 moved to Poland, where he taught at the universities of Warsaw and Lodz. Hesse died in Lodz, July 2, 1950
. Deep mastered the principles of Kantian transcendentalism, . Hesse in his philosophical anthropology and the concept of teaching (pedagogy - 'Applied Philosophy') sought to link the principles of 'critical' epistemology with some ontological system,
. 'Personality is acquired only through the work of the supra-personal goals ...', claimed Hesse in the Fundamentals of Pedagogy. 'The power of identity is rooted not in itself, not in the natural power of its psycho-physical organism, but in the spiritual values, which penetrate the body and soul and who shine in their job as her creative aspirations'. VV Zenkovsky noted the proximity of the position of Hesse in this matter to the principles of metaphysics ones Vl.S.Soloveva. However, at the ontological level of their rights in the Hesse maintains transcendentalism. This is clearly illustrated by his assertion that 'the world is not confined to physical and mental reality, but the physical and mental, there is still a third realm - the realm of values and meaning'. 'Kingdom values and meaning' certainly has a transcendental status, well within the context of the Kantian 'criticism' and fundamentally different from the fundamental principles of ontology ones. In Hesse originally empirical subject as an introduction to these higher values, 'creates' his personality. A number of studies Hesse addressed the problems of moral philosophy (in particular, his articles on FM Dostoyevsky and Vl.S.Soloveve), the theory of law, the laws of social development. He defended the reality and the possibility of "legal socialism ', perceiving and developing liberal and democratic values.