Paul von Hindenburg (Hindenburg Paul von)( President of the Weimar Republic.)
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Biography Paul von Hindenburg (Hindenburg Paul von)
Born Oct. 2, 1847 in Posen (now Poznan, Poland), graduated from the Cadet Corps in Valshtatte, at the age of 18 was determined in the 3rd infantry regiment in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland). Took part in the Battle of Keniggretse that ended the seven-week Austro-Prussian war of 1866. During the Franco-Prussian War, 1870-1871 distinguished himself in the Battle of Saint-Privat, served as a regimental adjutant at Sedan and Paris. Participated in the ceremony launching Germanskoy Empire Palace of Versailles (18 January 1871).
After the war, Hindenburg studied at the Military Academy (until 1876). In 1878 he was identified in the General Staff, which served under fieldmarshals G.fon Moltke, A.fon Waldersee, A.fon Schlieffen.
In 1881, while in Konigsberg, worked on a plan of defense of East Prussia in the event of an invasion of Russian troops. In 1903-1911 commanded the 4 th Army Corps in Magdeburg. Resigned in 1911.
August 22, 1914 Hindenburg was appointed commander of the 8 th Army in East Prussia (Chief of Staff of the army was General E. Ludendorff). Hindenburg defeated the Russian army invaded East Prussia, first in the battle of Tannenberg (26-31 August), and then at the Masurian Lakes (7-12 September). Late autumn invaded Poland, and won the battle of Lodz. In 1915-1916 fought on the Eastern Front, and in August 1916 headed the General Staff of the armed forces of Germany.
Winter 1917-1918 Hindenburg and Ludendorff prepared the March (1918) attack on the western front, hoping to end the war before it enters the U.S.. Hindenburg did not take Amiens, the French General Foch F. counter-attacked in the second battle of the Marne, and took the initiative in their hands. September 28, 1918 Hindenburg urged the Government to conclude a truce. During the revolution of 1918 supported the supporters of the republic. Newly retired in 1919.
After the death of Reichsprdsident Weimar Republic, Friedrich Ebert Foundation in February 1925 may stand Hindenburg as their candidate against the candidate TN. Weimar coalition (Social Democrats, the party 'Center' and the Democratic Party of Germany), W. Marx. April 26, 1925 at the age of 78 years Hindenburg was elected President of the Reich Weimar Republic.
During the first term of presidency, Hindenburg to follow the articles of the Weimar Constitution, 1919, kept the workers from striking, assisted program G. Stresemann to implement the Locarno treaties and the entry into the League of Nations. June 30, 1930, five years before the contract time, from the Rhineland had been withdrawn the French troops of occupation. During the financial crisis in the summer of 1930 supported Hindenburg Chancellor Helmut Bruning, blossoming Reichstag and ruled the country by decree. In the presidential election of 1932 in the second round Hindenburg received 19.36 million. votes (53%) against 13.4 million. (36.8%) votes for Hitler, and was re-elected President of the Reich. Attempts Chancellor K.fon Schleicher split the Nazi party were unsuccessful, and 30 January 1933 Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor. Hindenburg died in Nejdek (West Prussia, now Poland), August 2, 1934.