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Klement Gottwald (Gottwald Klement)

( President of Czechoslovakia.)

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Biography Klement Gottwald (Gottwald Klement)
(1896-1953)
Born November 23, 1896 in Deditse in Moravia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian. In 1908 he received the profession cabinetmaker in Vienna, and four years later joined the Social Democratic youth movement. During the First World War Gottwald served in the artillery units of the Austro-Hungarian army, was wounded and later served in Italy and Bessarabia, at the end of the war deserted, surrendered to Russian. In 1918, after the formation of Czechoslovakia - leader of the left wing Social Democratic Party. In 1921 the group Gottwald joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, he Gottwald became editor of the Slovak Party newspaper People's Voice ', then - the newspaper' Pravda '. Since 1925 - Member of the Central Committee and Politburo of the Central Committee, since 1927 - General Secretary of the Central Committee, since 1929 - Member of Parliament of Czechoslovakia. Actively participated in the activities of the Comintern.
In 1938, after the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia by the Nazis, emigrated to the Soviet Union and remained there during the Second World War, establishing radio contact with the underground groups in Czechoslovakia. When in 1943 the head of the Czechoslovak цLmigrцL government Benes arrived in Moscow, he repeatedly met and talked with Gottwald. Gottwald became part of the educated in Kosice Government of National Front, becoming the Deputy Prime Minister. In 1946 he was elected chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and the elections in June 1946 led coalition cabinet. When in 1948 the cabinet was dissolved, and Benes resigned, Gottwald formed a new government. June 14, 1948 he was elected president of the Czechoslovak Republic. Gottwald died in Prague on March 14, 1953.


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