GAUTHIER Theophile (Gautier Theophile)( French writer.)
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Biography GAUTHIER Theophile (Gautier Theophile)
Born August 31, 1811 in Tarbes, education in Paris. Took up painting, but soon realized the limitations of its capabilities in this area. Starting from 1830 continuously published poems, short stories, novels and travel notes. Gautier died in the Paris suburb of Neuilly, 23 October 1872.
Poetry and Prose Gauthier mark the transition from Romanticism to Parnassian school. He recognized the Apostle 'art for art'. In February 1830 Gautier was the most brilliant representative of the youth, which is supported by Victor Hugo in his struggle with klassitsistskoy criticism. His first poetry collection Poems (Premires posies), published in the same year, was almost totally romantic, as well as the narrative poem, Albertus (Albertus, 1832). Nevertheless, the author declared no so characteristic of romantic interest in politics, public life, science and even the nature of. Rejecting the romantic ideal of the majestic nature, he just rejected the ideal love. Exquisite feeling of his contemporaries Gautier opposed pagan eroticism, as exemplified by the novel Mademoiselle Maupin (Mademoiselle de Maupin, 1835).
Gauthier had a flawless technique that allowed him to make the necessary adjustments in the romantic style. The peak of his poetic skill was a collection of enamels and cameos (maux et Cames, 1852). This included the famous poem Arts (Art), in which Gautier proclaimed the technical complexity of the basic requirement of Art. His voluminous novel Captain Fracassi (Capitaine Fracasse, 1863) is a variation on the theme of the comic novel P. Scarron (17.). Among the prose works of Gautier is posthumously published History of Romanticism (Histoire du romantisme, 1874).