Gregory Nazianzen, NE.( The father and teacher of the church, one of the three 'great Cappadocians' (along with Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa).)
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Biography Gregory Nazianzen, NE.
(ca. 329 - OK. 390)
Born in Arianze in Cappadocia, near Nazianzus, where his father was a bishop. Studied in Athens and Alexandria, in 362 became a presbyter, assisted his father in the management of the diocese. Although the Gregory was more inclined to the contemplative life, his achievements in the management of the church, eloquence and firmness of views eventually led to the election of the Archbishop of Constantinople. He played a prominent role at the Council of Constantinople I (381), but antipravoslavnaya opposition forced him to abandon the presidency of this Council and of the Episcopal chair. Then he went home to Arianz, where the remainder of his days devoted to prayerful contemplation of religious poems and essays.
In addition to 245 letters and 45 'words' (theological sermons), Gregory composed 177 poems and hymns, including a lengthy poetic autobiography about my life. Gregory was famous above all eloquence, but he was a profound theologian, who followed in his teaching, mainly his closest friend of St.. Basil the Great. Memorial Day sacred 2 January (in the Russian Orthodox Church - January 25 old style).