GRö°NEWALD Matthias (Grunewald, Matthias)( German painter and sculptor of the late Middle Ages)
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Biography GRö°NEWALD Matthias (Grunewald, Matthias)
(worked 1500-1528) also Mathis Gothardt Nithardt, was born in Wö+rzburg between 1460 and 1480. Documented information about his life and work of the extremely scarce; long career of the master was little known. The recently opened documents revealed the true name of the artist - Mathis Godhardt to him sometimes added as the second name - Nithardt, so his full name - Mathis Godhardt nicknamed Nithardt. While still a young man, he chose his place of residence Zelingenshtadt in 1503 and worked there over the altar Lindengartskim (Lindengardt, parish church). In 1505-1508 Grunewald created a picture of derision of Christ (Munich, Alte Pinakothek) and the Crucifixion (Basel). During 1508-1514, he was actually in the service of the Archbishop of Mainz, Uriel von Gemmingen. This is a place he retained and Gemmingen successor, Archbishop Albert of Mainz, who commissioned Grunewald oversee the architectural work in the Castle Aschaffenburg. In 1511-1513 he worked on the altar Grunewald Geller and transformation. In 1514 he began to wonder snowy altar of Mary, and in 1515 worked on the painting The Assumption. Masterpiece Grunewald - Izengeymsky Altar (Colmar, Museum Unterlinden) - was completed before 1516. In 1519-1520 he wrote a small crucifix (Washington, National Gallery), in 1522-1523 the Crucifixion and Christ Carrying the Cross (Karlsruhe, Kunsthalle), Albert of Brandenburg in 1523 commissioned him now Meeting St.. Erasmus and St.. Mauritius (Munich, Alte Pinakothek) Up to 1525 Grö+newald painted the Dead Christ (Aschaffenburg). In 1526, his place taken by the court artist Simon from Halle, and in 1528 was invited by Grunewald in Halle (Saxony) as an artist and engineer-hydraulic. Grö+newald died in Halle before September 1, 1528.