GU SYANCHEN( neokonfutsianets Chinese philosopher, founder Dunlinskoy school.)
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Biography GU SYANCHEN
Born September 17, 1550 in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. In 1580 received the highest degree of Jinsha, held high positions rad. In 1594 dismissed and demoted in 1602 restored in ranks, but the service did not return. In 1604 re-established the Academy of Dunlin. Died June 21, 1612. Belonged to the third generation of the followers of Wang Yangming, . but criticized not only the most radical, . tending towards Taoism and Buddhism, . a confrontation with the official ideology yanministov Taychzhouskoy School, . but also the Wang Yangming's recognition of 'the essence (ti1) of the heart' devoid of good and evil, and for the doctrine of spontaneity (y4) of the moral sense,
. Gu Syanchen the thesis Mencius (Meng Ke, 4-3 cc. BC) of the goodness (shan) '[an individual] of nature' (sin1) Rights deduced on the availability of good in the 'essence of the heart'. Following Chu (12.) Defended the pupil (shu) of the moral sense, however, the main condition for its development, like Duni Zhou and Yang Shi (11.), Considered abstractedly meditative state of 'rest' (tszin2, cm. Dong - Jin), ie. stood for moral self-development.