Stephen Jay Gould (Gould Stephen Jay)( The American paleontologist and popularizer of science.)
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Biography Stephen Jay Gould (Gould Stephen Jay)
Born September 10, 1941 in New York. In 1963 he graduated from the College of Antioquia, in 1967 received a Ph.D. at Columbia University. From 1967 he worked at Harvard University, by, inter alia, taxonomy and evolution of gastropods of the West Indies. Known as the originator of the concept intermittent evolution (developed jointly with N. Eldredge), . according to which the evolution of living nature is not slow and gradual, . as suggested by the Darwinian theory, . as a result of fast breaks ( 'fast', . sure, . only the scale of geological time),
. These evolutionary 'leaps' alternate with long, sometimes measured in millions of years, periods of rest during which the species did not significantly change.
Gould - popularizer of science. His essays, . since 1974 regularly appeared in the magazine 'Nechural histori' ( 'Natural History'), . were then published in book form - Ever since Darwin (Ever Since Darwin, . 1977); thumb Panda (The Panda's Thumb, . 1980); Chicken teeth and horse's toes (Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes, . 1983); Smile flamingos (The Flamingo's Smile, . 1985); sea urchin in the storm (An Urchin in the Storm, . 1987),
Gould also wrote several scientific papers - Ontogenesis and phylogenesis (Ontogeny and Phylogeny, 1977); false measurement Rights (The Mismeasure of Man, 1981), Cycle Time, arrow of time (Time's Cycle, Time's Arrow, 1987). In one of his latest books, . Wonderful Life (Wonderful Life, . 1989), . he is an example of fossil organisms, . found in shales Berdzhis in western Canada, . shows, . how many ways can go and how evolution is a simplified representation of it as a strictly directional process.,