VCOs TSZYCHZHEN( neokonfutsianets Chinese philosopher, scientist, writer, a representative of Zhengzhou direction 'school new texts')
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Biography VCOs TSZYCHZHEN
(1792-1841), (or 'school texts of new writing'), reconstituted Chuang Tsunyuem (18.). Born August 22, 1792 at Zhenhe (in sovr. Hangzhou) Zhejiang Province in the family of an official, was in the public service. In 1829 received the highest degree of Jinsha. Died Sept. 26, 1841 in Danyane Jiangsu. General theoretical views Gong Tszychzhenya not been systematized, and found expression in small pieces, . combined in several collections after his death, . caused by the shock of the offensive in China 'age of distemper' and the defeat of the country's first 'Opium' war with England (1840-1842),
One of the organizers Syunnanskogo poetic Society (1830), spreading the ideas of political and legal reformation. Like other supporters of 'school texts of new writing' (cm. LIN TSZESYUY; Wei Yuan), Gong Tszychzhen sought to link the traditional science, which dominated philosophy, philology and history, with the general theory of public administration.
Among the first in China was made for the socio-economic and scientific and technical modernization of the country, the elimination of obsolete public institutions (the examination system, etc.) and social norms (bandaging the legs of women, etc.). The main social risk believed the gap between rich and poor. Ideal 'balanced' (pin chun) the distribution of benefits, . by Gong Tszychzhenyu, . like a fair distribution of water (each - on its hierarchical norm) and depends on the public mind-set: 'The human heart - the root (Pen) worldly manners, . worldly manners - the root of the sovereign's service ',
. Following Kao Tzu, Meng Ko reviewer (4-3 cc. BC), claimed that '[human] nature (sin1) and devoid of goodness, and unkind'. Therefore 'human heart' can be changed for the better and improved public relations by the principles outlined in the set of canonical works of Confucius, a certain 'school of writing new texts'. Changes in public life and the spiritual atmosphere will inevitably require a review of political and legal norms. The more conservative than were the ruling dynasty, the sooner they died because their rulers 'blindly followed the founder of the dynasty and were afraid to bring these people to establish the court'. Timely political and legal response engendered by life innovations able to keep the throne of the imperial family forever.