GUSAKOV Gustav (Husk Gustav)( President of Czechoslovakia.)
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Biography GUSAKOV Gustav (Husk Gustav)
Born January 10, 1913 near Bratislava (Slovakia). He studied law at the Bratislava University, later worked in Bratislava, the practice of law. In 1929, joined the underground Communist youth organization, since 1933 - member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (HRC). During the Second World War - the leader of the illegal Communist Party in under the authority of the Germans in Slovakia in 1940-1943 was in detention. In 1944 participated in the preparation of anti-Nazi Slovak National Uprising. After the war - a member of the local government of Slovakia (the Slovak National Council), then (1945-1950) Member of the Central Committee and deputy chairman of the Communist Party of Slovakia. In 1951, Husak was a victim of Stalinist repression, in 1954, was sentenced to life imprisonment as an adherent of "Slovak bourgeois nationalism '. In May 1960 has been released, worked as a research associate at the Institute of State and Law of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. When in April 1968 first secretary of the Central Committee was Alexander Dubcek, Husak took the post of Deputy Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia, and in April 1969 became the first secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
In August 1968, after the invasion of the Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia, Husak was recruited by the Soviet leadership for the process of 'normalization'. So did the majority of the reforms of his predecessor by restoring the system of centralized political control. Husak regime marked by the arrest of 'dissidents', purges in the HRC and the trade unions. In 1975, Husak was elected president of Czechoslovakia. In 1987, resigned as Secretary General of the Central Committee, but continued to hold the presidency until December 1989. Died Husak in Bratislava on 18 November 1991.