Ruben Dario (Dario Ruben)( Nicaraguan poet.)
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Biography Ruben Dario (Dario Ruben)
Born January 18, 1867 in the city METAP in Nicaragua and at the baptism received the name of Felix Ruben Garcia Sarmiento. Youth held in Nicaragua, El Salvador and other Central American countries. In 1886 he left for Chile, where he published a collection of poems Azure (Azul, 1888), who had a huge success. In 1893 Dario was appointed Consul of Colombia in Buenos Aires, where he spent five years working with leading Argentine writers. The newspaper 'La Nacion' he introduces readers to the latest French literary trends, . Parnassian school and symbolism, . and also promoted the established aesthetics of modernism - directions, . which soon became a leader in Hispanic poetry,
. Next book Dario, Pagan Psalms (Prosas Profanas, 1896), marked the final destruction klassitsistsko-romantic stereotypes.
In 1898, just after the Spanish-American War, Dario went to Spain as a correspondent for 'La Nation'. The subsequent 17 years he lived in Europe, mostly in Paris and Madrid, occasionally coming to America. Since the beginning of the First World War, the poet returned to America.
Ruben Dario is considered the greatest poet of Latin America. Poems book Azure, heralding the beginning of the modernist movement, distinguished by refined language, musicality, plasticity. Dario had a tremendous impact not only on contemporary Latin American poets, but also on the so-called Spanish 'Generation 1898'. If Pagan psalms very tangible impact of the French poetry of the end of the century, . the songs of life and hope (Cantos de vida y esperanza, . 1905) - is an original book mature, . in which the artificial delights previous collections have given way to social issues, . the tragic vision and the fear of nothingness,
. Lyrical strength and depth of poetry Dario confirmed the following collections: Wandering song (El canto errante, 1907), Autumn Poem (El poema del otono, 1910), Song of Argentina (Canto a la Argentina, 1910). Decorative Baroque style of the early poetry Dario finally collapsed under the pressure of a genuine poetic feeling and became absolutely clear
. The importance of creativity for the development of Hispanic Dario's poetry lies in the fact that he has created a new literary movement that gripped the entire Hispanic world, a radically updated the poetic vocabulary and approved in the poetry of pure aesthetic criteria
Dario Leone died in February 6, 1916.