Alberto Giacometti (Giacometti Alberto)( Swiss sculptor and painter.)
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Biography Alberto Giacometti (Giacometti Alberto)
Born October 10, 1901 in La Stampa (Switzerland). Interest in art came from Alberto already in early childhood. He studied at the School of Arts and Crafts in Geneva (1919-1920) and in the studio at the Grand Shomer E. Bourdelle (1922-1925), was influenced by cubism, surrealism belonged to. At times he worked in Paris and Rome, but always returned to his hometown. In 1925-1935 Giacometti studied the problem of the ratio of weight and space in sculpture. He created several important works, which he called 'sculptures in a cage'. In many of them were placed in a frame or a framed likeness of cells. Among the most famous - the Palace at four o'clock in the morning (1923-1933, New York, Museum of Modern Art) and hanging ball (1930, Zurich, Kunsthaus). After 1935 Giacometti created almost entirely detached sketches of human figures, sculptural group or portrait busts. Under the influence of Rodin, Giacometti created the rough, like a weathered, resembling the surface of a fantastic landscape with beautiful light and shade.
In the last years of life sculptor received many awards. The large retrospective exhibitions of his work were held at the Museum of Fine Arts in Zurich (1962) and the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1965). Giacometti died in the town of Chur in Switzerland, January 12, 1966.