Zhyud Rene Dubos (Dubos Ren Jules)( American microbiologist.)
Comments for Zhyud Rene Dubos (Dubos Ren Jules)
Biography Zhyud Rene Dubos (Dubos Ren Jules)
Born February 20, 1901 in Saint-Bris (France). He graduated from the National Agricultural Institute in Paris (1921). In 1924 he left for the United States and enrolled at Rutgers University, where in 1927 received a Ph.D.. From 1927 until the end of life (not counting the period 1942-1944, . when he was a professor of tropical medicine at Harvard Medical School) worked at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University) in New York,
In the center of scientific interest Dubos was the impact of soil bacteria on pathogenic microorganisms. In 1939 Dubos isolated from the soil bacterium Bacillus brevis peptide, which he called tirotritsinom. This substance has a relatively weak antimicrobial action, but the results obtained by Dubos, played an important role in the discovery of streptomycin and other antibiotics. Since 1946 he was chief editor of 'Journal of Experimental Medicine' ( 'Journal of Experimental Medicine').
Subsequently Dubos left classes in microbiology and dedicated efforts to protect the environment: he wrote books and essays, lectured. In 1969 his book on the relationship between man and the world Such a humane animal (So Human an Animal, 1968) was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. Dubos died in New York on February 20, 1982.