Durut Victor (Duruy Victor)( French historian and activist education.)
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Biography Durut Victor (Duruy Victor)
Born in Paris on September 11, 1811, he studied history under the leadership of J. Michelet. Professor of history at the University of Reims and Paris, the author of several works on the history. One of them, History of the Romans (Histoire des Romains, 1844), drew the attention of Napoleon III, who expressed a desire to meet with the author. Helped in writing the biography of Napoleon, Julius Caesar. In 1863-1869 was the Minister of Education. Has made the introduction of schools teaching the history and philosophy and organization of laboratories; establishment of secular schools for girls, improving the status and remuneration of teachers; making plans to build new schools for small settlements, the further development of the autonomy of universities,
. Durut was a senator in 1869-1871, resigned after the fall of the empire. In 1884 it became a member of the French Academy
. Also widely distributed textbooks, . Durut published a revised and expanded edition of the History of the Romans from ancient times to the death of Theodosius (Histoire des Romains depuis les temps les plus reculs jusqu 'la mort de Thodose, . 1883-1886), . History of the Greeks (Histoire des Grecs, . 3 tt., . 1886-1889) and popular books on the history of the Jews, . Greeks, . Romans, . as well as the history of France, . Europe, the New Age and Middle Ages,
. Durut died in Paris on 25 November 1894.