Ibrahim Pasha( The Egyptian commander, son of Muhammad Ali)
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Biography Ibrahim Pasha
Born in Cavalla (now Greece) in 1789. It is not known whether he was a native or adopted son of Muhammad Ali. Distinguished father in military campaigns against the Mamelukes and the Arabian Peninsula, where Tusun succeeded his brother in 1816 as commander of Egyptian troops. In the wars against the Wahhabis proved himself an energetic and determined military commander, and by September 1818 forced them to surrender. Captured and destroyed the fortress, Darius, 11 December 1819 with the triumph came in Cairo. In 1824, Ibrahim Pasha became the commander of a military squadron and army of 17 thousand. man in the Morea, where he fought against the Greeks as an ally of the Sultan. Ibrahim Pasha landed in the Morea 26 February 1825 and remained there until October 1, 1828, . when he was forced to evacuate after the intervention of Western powers and the Battle of Navarino, . in which his fleet was defeated by the combined fleet of Russia, . France and England,
. In autumn 1831 he was sent to command the Egyptian Army, who fought against the Turks in Syria. Under Kyutahiyskogo peace treaty, signed May 4, 1833, Muhammad Ali was granted to Syria, whose ruler he appointed his son Ibrahim.
When Ibrahim was introduced more efficient management system, to Christians and Jews were treated the same way as Muslims, have been developed trade and agriculture, have established public schools. The Syrians welcomed Ibrahim's troops as liberators after centuries of Ottoman rule, but its popularity was short-lived, because of the insistence of his father, he was forced to introduce additional taxes in Syria.
In 1838 the outbreak of the Egyptian-Turkish War. Ibrahim won a major victory in the battle of Neziba June 24, 1839. When the British and Austrian fleets cut the sea lines of communication between Syria and Egypt and in Syria itself uprising began, Ibrahim fled (November 1840). In 1848, when his father lost his mind, Ibrahim became regent and performed these duties until his death on Nov. 10, 1848.