KADAR Janos (Kadar Janos)( Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Hungary.)
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Biography KADAR Janos (Kadar Janos)
Born May 26, 1912 in Fiume (southern Hungary, now Croatia). He received the profession of engineer, in 1932 became a member of the underground Communist Party of Hungary, in 1937 - a member of the party leadership. During the Second World War Kadar - one of the organizers of the Hungarian resistance movement. In 1945 he became deputy chief of police in Budapest, both held senior positions in the Communist Party, chairing its organizational department. In 1948, after the seizure of power by the Communists, Kadar took an active part in the formation of the Hungarian Workers Party. In 1949-1950 he was Minister of Internal Affairs. Took part in the trial of L. Raikov, who has been charged in 'titoizme'.
In 1951, Kadar himself was arrested on suspicion of 'titoizme'. In 1954, after his release from prison, was appointed secretary of a district committee in Budapest, and July 6, 1956 became a member of the Politburo. In October 1956 he was appointed state minister in the coalition government I. Nagy. When in Hungary, Soviet troops were introduced, Kadar became head of the 'revolutionary workers' and peasants 'government' under Soviet control. In 1957-1988 Kadar - the undisputed leader and the first (1985 - General) Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (HSWP). In 1956-1958 served as chairman of the Hungarian revolutionary workers 'and peasants' government, and from 1961 to 1965 - Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Hungary.
In 1968, Kadar has proposed a model 'new economic mechanism', in which state enterprises have relative freedom in decision-making. Was allowed to operate a large number of private enterprises. 'Goulash communism' Kadar helped turn Hungary into one of the most prosperous countries of the Soviet bloc. In 1960 Kadar was perhaps the most popular of the Eastern European communist leaders. In the recession years 1980 its popularity has declined, although he remained a party's general secretary until his retirement in May 1988.
Died Kadar in Budapest, July 6, 1989.