Nikos Kazantzakis( Greek writer, attributed by some critics as the large 20 in the writers.)
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Biography Nikos Kazantzakis
Born February 18, 1883 in Heraklion (Crete). Educated at the University of Athens, went to Paris where he fell under the influence of the philosophy of Henri Bergson, whose doctrine of the 'elan vital', supported by Nietzsche's belief in the supreme 'will to power', formed the basis of his outlook. The purpose of life Kazantzakis saw that presuschestvit flesh into spirit, electing as 'saviors' Buddha, Lenin, Dante, Ulysses, Christ.
Turbulent political life of Greece has repeatedly provided him an opportunity to test themselves in. Youth he watched erupted in 1897 in Crete uprising against the Turks, admire his heroic, even reckless action for the sake of the lofty goal. When the 1912-1913 outbreak of 1-st Balkan War, Kazantzakis joined the Greek Army, he served in the Office of the Prime Minister. In 1919, Prime Minister E. Venizelos appointed him Director General of the Ministry of Social Welfare, he traveled to the Caucasus, organizing the repatriation of refugees there Greek. In 1944, at the beginning of the civil war in Greece, was in Athens, a year later became president of the Socialist Workers' Union, was a minister without portfolio in the government Sofulisa T..
Only Greece, Kazantzakis was not limited to activities. He was present in Moscow during the celebration of the October Revolution decade, . had an interview with Franco during the Spanish Civil War, . twice traveled to China and Japan, . had lived in Vienna and Berlin, . commissioned by the British Council studied the intellectual life in Britain,
. Last ten years has lived in France
. Among the works of Kazantzakis set pieces, a volume of terza rima, . dedicated individuals, . he admired; essays on Nietzsche and Bergson, a lyrical rendition of his own philosophical ideas called Saviors of God: the history of Russian literature, film scripts, articles for encyclopedias, stories for children, and several early novels, . written in French, and several travel diaries, translations into modern Greek Faust, . Divina, . Iliad, . Odyssey and many other works,
. Are allocated for the most significant design Kazantzakis was a great epic poem The Odyssey: the modern sequel, which was published in 1938.
World recognition came almost at the end of his life, when because of political and religious views, he was forced to leave Greece. The novel Zorba the Greek (1943) immediately put Kazantzakis in a number of major novelists of the world. Then, one after another came the novels of Christ crucified again (1948), Captain Michalis. Liberty or Death (1950), The Last Temptation of Christ (1951), St. Francis (1953) and autobiography Report to El Greco (1956). Kazantzakis's novels have been translated into all European languages. Kazantzakis died in Freiburg (Germany) 26 October 1957.