Caligula (Gaius Iulius Caesar Germanicus)( Third after Augustus and Tiberius, Roman emperor (37 to 41).)
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Biography Caligula (Gaius Iulius Caesar Germanicus)
Complete his name - Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, it will often simply referred to as Guy. Affectionate nickname Caligula, ie. Sapozhok, the future emperor received while he was at his popular among the troops his father Germanicus (nephew and an adopted son of Tiberius), commanding legions of the Rhine. In 19, Germanicus died in 29, Tiberius arrested and later killed his mother Gaia, elder Agrippina, and his older brother Nero. Another older brother, Drusus, died in prison in 33, so that Guy has remained the only son of Germanicus and the most likely successor to Tiberius. Y Guy had three sisters. Elder sister Drusilla Guy deified after her death in 38 AD, she became the first Roman, which enjoyed such an honor. The second sister, Agrippina the Younger, was the mother of Emperor Nero. Where the caller in Rome universal revulsion Tiberius died, he left his heirs property Gaya and his own grandson Tiberius Gemellus. However, the emperor in March 37 was Guy, not Gemellus (whom Guy later killed), especially the efforts Quinta Neviya Macron, prefect of Praetorian Guard.
Guy suffered from childhood epilepsy, serious illness seriously changed the nature and form of government. He had become imperious and despotic, lost-found popularity and was brought upon himself the burning hatred of the Senate. After becoming emperor, he spent the money on public entertainment in Rome and Italy, as well as public works, of which the most impressive was the construction of the pontoon bridge over part of the Gulf of Naples from the Bay to Puteoli. Soon, he spent all the funds accumulated Tiberius. Arranging the internal affairs of the Empire, Caligula several times severely hurt the feelings of the Jews. So, he insulted arrived in Rome the Jews of Alexandria (among whom was the philosopher Philo), they issued a decree (subsequently repealed) to establish his own statue in the Jerusalem Temple. In 39 Caligula was averted plot in the Rhineland, of which the surviving spouse of his sister Drusilla. At this time, Caligula, apparently, thinking about plans for the invasion of Britain, later this project was implemented by his successor Claudius.
Stories depicting Caligula crazy, unfounded. In January 41 to exit from the theater Caligula was murdered by a tribune Praetorian Guard and other conspirators.