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CambacLrs Jean Jacques

( French statesman.)

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Biography CambacLrs Jean Jacques
(1753-1824)
Born October 18, 1753 in Montpellier. Preparing for a career lawyer. He became advisor to the fiscal court in Montpellier, and in 1791 - Chairman of the Criminal Court. In 1792 he was elected to the National Convention, where the proposed document, the foundation of the new Civil Code of France. Voted for the execution of King Louis XVI. As a moderate politician, was not included in any of the parties. He was known as an expert on legal issues, was an influential member of the legislative committee of the Assembly and worked on the new legal codes.
At the time of the Directory CambacLrs - member of the Council of Five Hundred, the lower house of Parliament on the Constitution of 1795. In June 1799 became the Minister of Justice. In this capacity, participated in the conspiracy of 18 Brumaire, which led to power of Napoleon Bonaparte. In December 1799 Napoleon became first consul of the French Republic, CambacLrs was named the second consul. In this position proved to be prudent and capable figure, often mitigate the impact of the reforms carried out by Napoleon, and oversaw the restructuring of administrative and legal systems.

After becoming emperor, Napoleon CambacLrs rewarded for service. In 1804 CambacLrs became the first chancellor of the empire, in 1808 received the title of Duke of Parma. In the absence of Napoleon CambacLrs held meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers.

In 1814, after the fall of Napoleon, CambacLrs was removed from the affairs. During the Hundred Days (March 20 - June 22, 1815) served as Minister of Justice and Chairman of the House of Peers. He was sent to Louis XVIII, lived in Belgium, in 1818, he was allowed to return to France.

CambacLrs died in Paris on March 8, 1824.


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