Tommaso Campanella (Campanella Tommaso)( Italian philosopher and poet)
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Biography Tommaso Campanella (Campanella Tommaso)
Born in the style (in Calabria, Italy), September 5, 1568. In 15 years, became a Dominican monk in the Order of the schools studied the works of Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, astrology and Kabbalah. Reading the work Telezio On the nature of things according to its own principles of (De rerum natura iuxta propria principia, . 1565), . opposed the Aristotelian philosophy, and in defense of the book Telezio Philosophy, . proved by senses (Philosophia sensibus demonstrata, . 1591),
. He was arrested on charges of heresy, but soon released, then arrested again in 1593, but acquitted in 1596. At that time, wrote the works: On Christian Monarchy (De monarchia Christianorum, 1593); Political Dialogue Against Lutherans, Calvinists and other heretics (Dialogo politico contra Luterani, Calvinisti e altri eretici, 1595). Arrested again in 1599 on charges of plotting against the Spanish regime in Naples, . was sentenced in 1602 to life imprisonment (held in prison almost 27 years), . during which, and wrote a major philosophical works, . in particular the protection of Galileo (Apologia pro Galileo, . 1622), . On the sense of things and magic (De sensu rerum et magia, . 1620), . Defeated atheism (Atheismus triumphatus, . 1631) and many other, . and poems, . madrigals, . sonnets and other poems, . presented in the favorites (Scelta, . 1622),
. Campanella was released in 1626, and in 1629 acquitted. Tried to convey my ideas to the papal court. In 1634, fearing a new conviction in connection with the conspiracy discovered in Naples, fled to Paris under the patronage of Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu. Campanella died in Paris on May 21, 1639.
In his philosophy of Campanella tried to give a scientific proof of Christianity on the basis of sensory perception and cognition by reason itself. The universe is a mixture of being with nothingness; change is generated by the opposing principles of love and strife. All things have a soul and feelings - each at their level, all striving for self-preservation, but intelligent beings can achieve it only by connecting with God.
The political philosophy of Campanella in his Sun City (La citta del Sole, 1602) contains the sermon of the communist-controlled using the principles of eugenics, a society ruled by a king-priest and three state minister. This picture reflects the utopian dream of Campanella on the treatment of all humanity to Catholicism and the establishment of a world state under the auspices of an authoritarian type of papal authority ( 'the monarchy of the Messiah').