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Karolyi Mihaly (Karolyi, Mihaly)

( first President of the Hungarian Republic.)

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Biography Karolyi Mihaly (Karolyi, Mihaly)
(1875-1955)
Born March 4, 1875 in Fote (Hungary). Since 1910 - Member of Parliament, later - the leader of one of the organizations of the Independence Party. Karolyi - the author of the doctrine, . according to which Hungary must minimize its ties with Austria, . pursue a policy of reconciliation with its neighbors, . seek support nevengerskih peoples through concessions in the field of culture, . to democratic reforms, . including the distribution of land among peasants,
. Karolyi spoke out against official policy, and when the authorities' policy led to the military defeat of 1918, received wide popular support. King of Hungary and emperor of Austria Charles I appointed him prime minister. October 31, 1918 Karolyi led government made up of members of his party, 'independent' politicians, radicals and social democrats. November 16 Hungary was proclaimed a republic, and Kц¦rolyi was elected provisional president on Jan. 11, 1919. However, France and Britain refused to change its attitude towards Hungary's neighboring countries have a territorial pritenziyami and nevengerskoe population rejected his proposed concessions, believing them to be insufficient. Chaos in the country prevented Karolyi to realize any of his planned reforms. March 20, 1919 Government Karolyi resigned, having a hard note to the Allies. Socialist government members have agreed to unite with the Communists B. Kuhn. He left Hungary, Kц¦rolyi lived in poverty, since the new government confiscated his property. In May 1946 he returned to the country where he was greeted as a former president and soon was appointed ambassador to France. In 1949 he resigned in protest against the purges and show trials in Budapest. Died Karolyi in Vence (France) March 20, 1955


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Karolyi Mihaly (Karolyi, Mihaly), photo, biography
Karolyi Mihaly (Karolyi, Mihaly), photo, biography Karolyi Mihaly (Karolyi, Mihaly)  first President of the Hungarian Republic., photo, biography
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