Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus (Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus)( The Roman politician and scholar, who left a significant mark in European culture.)
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Biography Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus (Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus)
Cassiodorus was born in southern Italy, in the family of Syrian descent, who had a large estate in Calabria. His father served as praetorian prefect under Theodoric, the king is ready, and Cassiodorus repeated his father's career. In 514 he became consul, in the position of magister officiorum (Head of Service), which Cassiodorus held between 523 and 527, he became the successor of Boethius, who was executed in 524. In 533 Cassiodorus was the praetorian prefect under King Atalarihe. Around 537 he resigned, maintaining friendly relations with the king is ready Vitigom.
In 540 the Byzantines occupied Ravenna, Vitig prisoner was taken to Constantinople. Perhaps Cassiodorus followed Vitigom. By 550 he had no doubt already considered one of the most influential people of Constantinople, head there the Italic communities. Several years later, when Justinian was sinking and reorganized Italy, Cassiodorus returned home, but the policy did not return. In 535 he and his dad took Agapetom fails attempt to establish in Rome a Christian institution of higher education. Starting with 538 Cassiodorus gave himself more and more religion. After 554 he founded in his ancestral estate of the religious community Vivarium. In importance, this monastery in the 6. second only to the community sv.Benedikta. For vivarium was characterized by emphasis on intellectual pursuits. Although after 7. Vivarium monastery ceased to exist, he played a crucial role: it was taken the initiative to conserve ancient and early Christian writings, in addition, he served as a model of monastic life and influenced the statute of Benedictine.
The first literary work Cassiodorus was a short set of history of Rome (Chronicle), brought to 519 BC. Then came the big work on stories ready, which reflected political beliefs Cassiodorus, who dreamed of establishing cooperation and is ready to Romans. The bulk of this book was written before 534, but judging by everything, Cassiodorus continued to write her up to 551. This work has been lost, but at 551 Gothic historian Jordan summed up its contents into a brief history ready. In the 538, going into retirement, Cassiodorus collected and published under the title mixture (Variae) the most significant letters and edicts, written on behalf of the Gothic kings.
During Vivarium Cassiodorus paid much attention to the proper education of its monks as in religion and in the secular field. To this end, he wrote Fundamentals of divine and secular sciences (Institutiones divinarum et saecularium litterarum) in two books. The second book is devoted to the Liberal Arts, and the first - an interpretation of the Bible and the study of the Fathers of the Church. This treatise came with reasoning about the spelling. Cassiodorus wrote a commentary on the Psalms, which resorted to the methods of classical scholar, as well as a treatise on the soul. In addition, he arranged for translation into Latin of Greek books, including the Jewish Antiquities of Flavius Josephus and the three-part stories (Historia tripartita), history of the church from 306 to 439 AD, compiled from excerpts from Feodoreta, Socrates and Sozomen.